Constant Percentage Bandwidth (CPB)
CPB filter is a filter whose bandwidth is a fixed percentage of a centre frequency. The width of the individual filters is defined relatively to their position in the range of interest. The higher the centre frequency of the filter, the wider the bandwidth.
The widest octave filter used has a bandwidth of 1 octave. Many subdivisions into smaller bandwidths are often used. The filters are often labeled as “Constant Percentage Bandwidth” filters. A 1/1-octave filter has a bandwidth of close to 70% of its centre frequency. The most popular filters are perhaps those with 1/3-octave bandwidths. One advantage is that this bandwidth at frequencies above 500 Hz corresponds well to the frequency selectivity of the human auditory system. DEWESoft supports up to 1/24-octave bandwidth.