Rainflow Counting Procedure
Rainflow counting is generally accepted as being the best cycle counting method up to date and has become the industrial de facto standard.
The idea behind the method is to detect the hysteresis loops in the load signal. We'll refer to the hysteresis loops as the closed cycles. Parts of the signal that do not correspond to the closed cycles are the so-called open cycles or residuals.
Different rainflow counting standards, such as ASTM, DIN and AFNOR, differ with respect to the treatment of the residuals. In order to be as general as possible the Fatigue Analysis Module supports both residual and non-residual mode.