# Fatigue

La fatigue est le dommage structurel progressif et localisé sur un matériau exposé à une contrainte cyclique. Un cycle continu de concentration de contraintes peut éventuellement provoquer une fissure et se propager avec des conséquences irréversibles pour le spécimen d'essais.

Charge
IEPE
Tension
Contrainte / Déformation
Force
Pont Complet
Demi-pont
Quart de pont
Vidéo
Vidéo ultra-rapide

## Caractéristiques principales

• PRÉ-TRAITEMENT DES SIGNAUX: Filtrage rainflow, discrétisation, comptage de cycles.
• ALGORITHMES DE COMPTAGE : Rainflow (selon norme ASTM), comptage Markov.
• VISUALISATION: Diagramme de distribution, diagramme moyen, matrices.

## Preprocessing of Time Domain Signal

• Turning points filter - detects turning points (local extremes) in the signal. The filter is applied to the input signal by default and cannot be disabled since the Fatigue Analysis Module requires a sequence of turning points as its input (instead of a full load signal).
• Rainflow filter (hysteresis filter) - removes small oscillations from the signal. All turning points that correspond to the cycles with the ranges below the given threshold are removed. Higher the threshold, more turning points are filtered out, and vice versa. The rainflow filtering can significantly reduce the number of turning points, which can be of importance for both testing and numerical simulation. Threshold parameter of value T corresponds to the T% of the absolute load signal range.
• Discretization filter - divides the range of a load signal into N equidistant bins and assigns each turning point to its closest bin. Load signals are typically very stochastic, therefore, discretization is often applied to make them flatter and less stochastic. The number of bins is adjusted with the Class count parameter.

## Rainflow Counting Procedure

Rainflow counting is generally accepted as being the best cycle counting method up to date and has become the industrial de facto standard.

The idea behind the method is to detect the hysteresis loops in the load signal. We'll refer to the hysteresis loops as the closed cycles. Parts of the signal that do not correspond to the closed cycles are the so-called open cycles or residuals.

Different rainflow counting standards, such as ASTM, DIN and AFNOR, differ with respect to the treatment of the residuals. In order to be as general as possible the Fatigue Analysis Module supports both residual and non-residual mode.

## Markov Counting Method

Markov counting is one of the most straightforward cycle counting methods. It operates on consecutive pairs of turning points and calculates absolute ranges between them.

## Visualization

In order to graphically represent the results the fatigue analysis module uses the most common visualization techniques used in fatigue analysis:

• Range histograms - 2-D graph representing the range distribution of a load signal (range, number of cycles). A typical range histogram use-case would be to obtain the range histogram of a signal, rotate it over diagonal (swap the X-axis and Y-axis), overlay a corresponding S-N curve on top and check whether it stays well below the curve.
• From/to matrices - 3-D graph representing the cycle distribution of a load signal (from, to, number of cycles)
• Range/mean matrices - 3-D graph representing the cycle distribution of a load signal (cycle range, cycle mean, number of cycles)

Classes parameter specifies the number of classes the range is divided into. When Auto checkbox is ticked DEWESoft automatically calculates Min range and Max range from the input signal.

## Calculate Large Data Files Easily

When analyzing extremely large data files with the Fatigue Analysis Module the operating system can run out of memory. In order to be as robust as possible and avoid such scenarios, the module supports a special Hard drive mode.

In the hard drive mode all the intermediate data is stored on the hard drive instead of in the RAM, thus substantially decreasing the memory consumption.

## Formation gratuite en ligne

Vous pouvez apprendre plus sur l'analyse modale de DEWESoft en parcourant le PRO training Fatigue Analysis PRO training course.

Dewesoft PRO training est un cours gratuit en ligne pour les professionnels de la mesure. Apprendre à mesurer des signaux, à les traiter, et à utiliser les produits Dewesoft.

## Devis

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