Wind Turbine Monitoring
Structural Health Monitoring and Condition Monitoring of Wind TURBINES

Dewesoft data acquisition systems are used on offshore wind turbines for online wind turbine condition monitoring and wind turbine structural health monitoring with the aim to achieve the reduction of the cost of wind energy and optimize ROI. 

The condition monitoring system provides distributed high-channel-count and remote monitoring. We provide a turn-key solution from DAQ systems, data loggers, to sensors together with Windows-based data processing and high-level cloud-based monitoring software.

Data logger
Data logger
振动
振动
IEPE
IEPE
应力 / 应变
应力 / 应变
全桥
全桥
半桥
半桥
1/4 桥
1/4 桥
力
角度
角度
Orientation
Orientation
温度
温度
热电偶
热电偶
铂电阻
铂电阻
兼容 TEDS
兼容 TEDS
GPS/GLONASS
GPS/GLONASS
视频
视频
EtherCAT
EtherCAT
OPC UA
OPC UA
XCP/CCP
XCP/CCP
无风扇
无风扇
IP67
IP67
LAN
LAN
冲击等级 100g
冲击等级 100g
-40°C to +85°C
-40°C to +85°C

Main Features

  • COMPLETE TURN-KEY SOLUTION: Dewesoft condition monitoring system is a complete solution including highly accurate signal conditioning systems, data acquisition and processing software, sensors, and accessories that are used in structural health and condition monitoring of wind turbine towers. 
  • DISTRIBUTED MEASUREMENT DEVICES: Dewesoft devices are designed to be distributed under any condition. EtherCAT technology allows devices to be placed near the sensors and connected with a single cable for power, data, and synchronization. The cable can span up to 100m between DAQ nodes or virtually unlimited using EtherCAT to fiber optic converters. 
  • SUPPORT FOR ANY SENSOR: input amplifiers offer support for any strain gauge, low-frequency accelerometer, temperature, weather, wind power, and wind turbine performance monitoring sensors.
  • PERFECTLY SYNCHRONIZED DATA: All data channels are synchronized well below microsecond accuracy, which is required for deep structural analysis.
  • AMAZING DYNAMIC RANGE: We offer amplifiers with dynamic ranges up to 160dB. With this accuracy, our customers are claiming they can see fish hitting the structure.
  • WIDE VARIETY OF CONFIGURATIONS: We offer DAQ devices that are extremely rugged with IP67 protection to cost-effective solutions. A tailored approach for virtually any structure with the possibility to monitor and analyze thousands of data points.
  • POWERFUL SOFTWARE: DewesoftX software offers real-time diagnosis, pre-processing and data reduction with powerful math. A wide variety of storage options are possible with powerful visualization choices. 
  • OPEN INTERFACES: Using DewesoftX, data is available in a wide variety of standard data formats. We can stream out live data via OPC UA interface, Rest API, or modern cloud data services.
  • REMOTE OPERATION: The entire system can be remotely operated offering triggered storing, alarms, and other monitoring features with capabilities to store data locally or at distant remote locations.
  • LIFETIME FREE SOFTWARE UPGRADES: Our data acquisition comes bundled with award-winning DewesoftX data acquisition software. The software package is always evolving and new features are being added. We offer lifetime free software upgrades to all our users.

Condition Monitoring
Of Wind Turbines

Wind turbine condition monitoring is aimed at detecting changes in wind turbine behavior as early as possible. The main goal is to predict developing faults in order to minimize performance degradation and economic cost. It is performed by constant monitoring of specific parameters and comparing them to parameters obtained during “normal” operational behavior.

Condition Monitoring is focused on monitoring wind turbine drivetrain components. Dewesoft offers condition monitoring solutions for any kind of rotating machineries like shafts, bearings, gearboxes, and generators.

The most commonly used sensors for Wind Turbine Condition monitoring are:

  • Accelerometers to detect bearing faults, gear tooth failures.
  • Temperature sensors to detect overheating.
  • Pressure sensors.
  • Rotational speed sensors - to perform order tracking analysis in variable speed wind turbines.
  • Current clamps to measure current signals for identification of faults in generators.
  • Oil-based sensors - to detect water content, debris, particles concentration.

More details here: Dewesoft condition monitoring solution.

Condition Monitoring
Of Wind Turbines

Structural Health Monitoring Of Wind Turbines

Condition Monitoring in the case of structural components, like foundations, blades, and towers, is termed Structural Health Monitoring. Failures of Wind Turbine Structural components can significantly affect the wind turbine operational costs and in some cases can result in a complete loss of the turbine (tower collapse). 

Offshore wind turbines are particularly exposed to harsh environments (wind, wave load, stress, corrosion) and higher risk. Therefore it is essential to perform monitoring of the structural components to reduce maintenance costs and avoid catastrophic failures.

The most common sensors for Wind Turbine Structural Health Monitoring are:

  1. Accelerometers to perform OMA (Operational Modal Analysis).
  2. Strain gauges to verify design assumptions under applied loads
  3. Temperature sensors - especially in combination with strain gauges for temperature compensation.
  4. Inclinometers to monitor the stability of the tower.
  5. Anemometers - to monitor wind speed and direction.
  6. Wave radars - to monitor wave height.


Dewesoft can offer a complete SHM solution for monitoring all the necessary parameters (vibration, strain, inclination, temperature measurements) needed to assess the condition of wind turbine structural components.

Structural Health Monitoring Of Wind Turbines

Vibration Monitoring
Of Wind Turbines

Wind turbine vibration monitoring is the most commonly used technique in Wind Turbine condition monitoring due to the fact that most damages in rotating machinery are reflected as higher vibration levels at frequencies specific to a developing fault.

n the case of Structural Health Monitoring vibration data is collected to perform the Operational Modal Analysis technique in order to detect developing faults. Changes in geometric and stiffness properties are reflected as changes of modal properties like modal shapes, damping ratios, and natural frequencies.

Dewesoft offers state-of-the-art 3-axial accelerometers with integrated data acquisition (IOLITE-3xMEMS-ACC) specifically designed for vibration monitoring of structures. DewesoftX data processing software offers a wide range of vibration math capabilities. Export options are available to facilitate the performance of Operational Modal Analysis and assessment of structural health.

Vibration MonitoringOf Wind Turbines

Monitoring Instrumentation 
For Wind Turbines

  • Acceleration and inclination measurement: Dewesoft IOLITEiw-3xMEMS-ACC-INC is a triaxial MEMS accelerometer and static inclinometer with an EtherCAT interface. Offers 8 g measurement range for wind turbine vibration analysis.
  • Strain and temperature measurements: Dewesoft IOLITEi-1xSTG-FB-T is a single channel full-bridge strain gauge amplifier with a fixed 5 V voltage excitation and an external temperature sensor. A perfect solution for strain and temperature monitoring.
  • Cabinets: Dewesoft can provide custom-made cabinets with all instrumentation preinstalled.
  • Industrial PC: We can provide our own or 3rd party industrial computers, This will run our DewesoftX software for acquisition of the installed sensors. Power Supply and UPS are available as well.
  • Cables: A single CAT6 cable is used for daisy-chaining the EtherCAT devices. We offer inexpensive to high-end robust cables (UV resistant, Oil resistant, Ozone resistant, Water and humidity resistant, Shielded, Flame retardant, Low emission of smoke and other acidic gases, halogen-free), as well as off-shore certified (MUD-resistant following NEK 606) cables.
  • Mounting brackets: Custom-made mounting brackets and other accessories can be provided by Dewesoft.
  • Other accessories: Cable tear protection can be provided to prevent bending or squishing of the cable. Cable clamps (also with magnets) to fix cables on towers where cable trays are not available can be provided upon request.
Monitoring Instrumentation 
For Wind Turbines

Monitoring System Architecture

The Dewesoft monitoring system is based on distributed data acquisition devices with an EtherCAT interface. DAQ devices are daisy-chained using a single cable for data communication, power, and synchronization. The devices act as EtherCAT slave devices whereas the PC running the DewesoftX software acts as an EtherCAT master.

Raw data from DAQ devices are collected and processed by measurement units running the DewesoftX data acquisition software. It provides a wide range of configurable triggered recording and math capabilities. Data can be sent over the TCP/IP network to the factory or cloud server in batch files or streamed via OPC UA protocol

Data can be accessed, viewed, and analyzed on the client PC or stored in the time series database (Historian) and served to SCADA systems or Cloud Software using standard interfaces such as OPC/UA, XCP, or Rest API. It is truly an Industry 4.0-ready architecture.

EtherCAT devices on the same tower are synchronized over the EtherCAT chain which offers the synchronization down to 1 us. EtherCAT devices between different towers are synchronized to the local NTP server. The synchronization between them depends on the latency of the network but is expected to be within 10 ms. If better synchronization is required we also offer a GPS synchronization option.

Monitoring System Architecture

Rugged & Distributed Data Acquisition Devices

Dewesoft provides very rugged data acquisition systems that can work flawlessly in a wide temperature range (-40°C .. +85°C), under big stress, and even in very humid and wet environments. Our rugged systems provide IP67 environmental protection and 100 G shock protection.

The devices can easily be distributed so you can place them close to the sensor placed on the structure. This means shorter sensor cabling which increases signal quality, decreases chances of cabling errors and cabling cost. DAQ systems can be distributed down to a single channel.

EtherCAT protocol provides easy distribution of devices over large structures. Devices can span up to 100 meters from node to node. Single power is used for data, power, and synchronization. This can be further expanded using EtherCAT to Fiber Optic converters.

Rugged & Distributed Data Acquisition Devices

Flexible Data Storage Strategy For Wind Farm Monitoring

DewesoftX software offers easy and flexible configurations for your data flow. You can store data locally near the structure itself, or use any of the standard interfaces like OPC UA to send and store data remotely in the cloud or database. There is really no restriction on how to set up your data flow.

Our flexible licensing allows you to connect an unlimited number of desktop or web-based view clients to monitor data in real-time without any additional cost.

Flexible Data Storage Strategy For Wind Farm Monitoring

Dewesoft Historian Time-Series Database Storage For Long-Term Monitoring

The Historian software package adds a time-series database for long-term or permanent data storage. The database can be either located locally, on the remote server, or in the cloud. The solution is based on the InfluxDB time-series database open source project.  

Historian provides several useful features for your historic data:

  • Raw and reduced data: while raw data is always stored on the measurement unit for an in-depth analysis, a Historian takes the role of long-term reduced data storage into the cloud database.
  • Data safety and retransmit: if the connection between the measurement hardware and the database is lost, the data is safely stored locally on the measurement unit and then retransmitted to the database when the connection is available.
  • Trending and Analysis: Historical data can always be recalled and loaded from the Historian database and used for trend analysis as well as for in-depth analysis and root cause identification.
Dewesoft Historian Time-Series Database Storage For Long-Term Monitoring

Case Study
Offshore Wind Turbine Tower Monitoring

You can read more details about wind turbine tower monitoring in our case study.

Many offshore wind turbine farm managers have installed measurement technology for continuous structural health monitoring on the towers. Various sensing techniques and methods are used for performing structural health monitoring. The most widely used is the vibration-based technique, also known as Operational Modal Analysis (OMA).

Read the Offshore Wind Turbine Tower Monitoring case study.

Case Study
Offshore Wind Turbine Tower Monitoring

成功的故事
Dewesoft 將監控世界上最大的海上風電場

能源公司 Vattenfall 選擇 Dewesoft 為世界上最大的海上風電場提供塔式監控解決方案。

該系統將對風力渦輪機的塔架進行預測性維護。目的是通過防止故障使風力渦輪機保持在盡可能高的水平上運行。

Hollandse Kust Zuid 風電場將位於離荷蘭海岸 18 至 36 公里的海牙和讚德沃特附近。全面運行時,140 台渦輪機的總容量為 1.5 吉瓦。

監測系統將由沿塔高度分佈的傳感器組成,提供加速度、傾角和速度測量值。

Dewesoft 監控解決方案的優勢在於集成了 3 軸加速度計和數據採集設備,由於 Ethercat 菊花鏈選項和標準化接口 RJ45,可提供分佈式監控和設備的輕鬆現場安裝。數據將存儲在數據庫中並發送到 Vattenfall 控制室進行分析和解釋。在此基礎上,將計劃維護行動。

成功的故事
Dewesoft 將監控世界上最大的海上風電場

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